Before the impact of colors on a person, we will get acquainted with colors and go through different divisions of colors and when and how to use them. Color is the brain’s interpretation of the senses of the optic nerve at different lengths of light. It is known that man distinguishes about 7,500,000 colors and their shades.
Basic color division
There are three basic or primary colors: red, yellow, and blue. We cannot get them by mixing other colors, but by mixing primary colors we get secondary colors. These are orange, green and purple.
If we mix primary and secondary we will get tertiary colors, eg by mixing yellow and green we will get lime color. If we further mix primary, secondary and tertiary colors we can get countless different colors. These colors are known as shades of value and chrome.
Shade is another name for the term color. If an object is painted red, we will say that it is in a red shade.
Color value and intensity
When we talk about a lighter or darker color, then it’s about value. If we add white to red, the result will be pink, which means that it has a bright red value. If we add black to that same red, we get a burgundy that has a dark red value.
Chrome is the intensity of a color, i.e. how glossy or dark it is (matte).
Circle of colors
Complementary, analog, triad and monochromatic colors
The second division of colors is into complementary, analog, triad, and monochromatic.
Two colors are complementary, one of which is not at all in the other color. They are located on opposite sides of the color wheel. These are: orange and blue (because orange is created by mixing red and yellow, ie there is no blue in it at all), purple and yellow, red and green.
Analogous are adjacent colors that belong to the same “family” and are located to the left or right of the main (selected) color, or if there are more, they can be both left and right.
Triads are, as the name suggests, three colors defined by an equilateral triangle. When you look at a circle of colors and place an imaginary triangle on it, those colors that connect through the vertices of the triangle are triads.
Monochromatic – it is a single color drawn through the spectrum from black to white. In other words, the color to which white and black are added, and the product of that are shades of that color, lighter or darker.
Warm and cool colors
The most basic division of colors is into warm and cold.
Red, orange, yellow and all their derivatives belong to the group of warm colors because their color is associated with fire and flame and arouses a feeling of warmth in humans. It is wise to use them in larger rooms that are harder to heat.
In contrast to warm colors, cold colors are associated with water, ice or earth, and these are blue, green and purple and some of their derivatives. Observing these colors creates a feeling of calm and relaxation in a person.
The basic meaning of color
Red is the color of fire and blood and is associated with energy, war, danger, strength, power and determination, as well as passion, desire and love. It’s an emotionally intense color. It boosts human metabolism, increases breathing rhythm and blood pressure.
It also stimulates the appetite so it is recommended for dining rooms and restaurants. Heraldry has shown that red is used to denote bravery and can be found on many national flags.
Like red, it “warms” spaces, but a little less dramatically and passionately. The mood and attitude of the orange color is more friendly than fiery, more calm than seductive. The orange color is most recommended for living rooms and spaces where the family gathers the most. Not a bad choice for children’s rooms either.
It stimulates the flow of oxygen to the brain, has an invigorating effect and stimulates mental activity. It represents enthusiasm, fascination, happiness, creativity, determination, attraction, success, encouragement and stimulus.
Yellow attracts attention and diverts the eye most of all colors. It shows the way and lifts the mood, it is associated with happiness, joy, intellect and energy, but one should be careful with it. If exaggeration can cause just the opposite effect, people become irritable, restless, and in smaller children it can cause fear. It is better (more comfortable) to use darker shades of yellow.
This is a very soothing color, the color of the sky and the sea, ideal for the bedroom of adults, but also for children. It is often associated with depth and stability. It symbolizes trust, loyalty, wisdom, confidence, intelligence, faith, truth and paradise.
It is considered beneficial for the mind and body – it slows down the human metabolism and creates a calming effect. The blue color has a very beneficial effect on putting people to sleep, and on the other hand it has a very bad effect on our appetite so it is not recommended in dining rooms.
Dominant color in nature – quite common in our homes. It has a calming and relaxing effect, so it is recommended for rooms that are intended for relaxation, but they are also an ideal choice for kitchens precisely because of the connection between nature and food. It symbolizes growth, harmony, freshness and fertility. Green has a great emotional connection to security.
Dark green is associated with money, the financial world, and banking.
Green has a great healing ability. It is the color that most rests the human eye so it can improve eyesight. Combining shades of green creates a calm atmosphere – pale green gives the walls light and airiness – it will make a dark room brighter and a smaller room bigger.
While many children love purple, adults don’t really like it too much, and for no reason at all. This is a soothing color although due to its dullness it is not suitable for oversized surfaces. It is most useful in its lighter versions, pink – pink. Purple combines the stability of blue with the energy of red. She is associated with a royal person.
It symbolizes power, nobility, luxury and ambition and combines wealth and extravagance. It is also associated with wisdom, dignity, independence, creativity, secrecy and magic. In nature, it is a rare color and is even considered artificial.
White is associated with light, goodness, innocence, purity and virginity. White is considered to be the color of perfection. White means security, and unlike black, it usually has a positive meaning. It can represent a successful beginning, and in heraldry it outlines faith and purity.
Black is associated with power, elegance, formality, death, evil and mystery. It is a mysterious color that is associated with fear of the unknown and usually has a negative connotation. It contains strength and authority, and is considered very formal, elegant and the color of success. In heraldry it symbolizes sorrow.
Color also affects temperature perception. Testing has confirmed that people experience a room of cool colors (blue, green, …) 3.3-5.5 ° C colder than its actual temperature. Warm colors (red, orange, …) will result in a 3.3-5.5 ° C warmer estimate.
Colors and the principle of yin and yang
Both opposing principles of life play an important role because they permeate everything in the universe.
Yin is a feminine, introverted, passive principle that represents night, darkness and silence. It is suitable for round, wavy shapes, pastel shades of colors, soothing colors (blue, green, purple), soft materials (wood, fabric) and the dominant dim light. Yin-type people are calm, balanced and introverted.
Yang is male extroverted, active and represents the Sun, day, light and movement. Suitable for straight lines and angular shapes, strong or shimmering colors (yellow, red, orange), cold and smooth materials (stone, glass, metal) and dominant, strong light. Yang people are dynamic, ambitious and extroverted.
They condition each other: without yin there is no yang and vice versa. It is important that both are constantly in a balanced relationship with each other.
Psychological action of colors
- Red – strong, irritating, improves mood, speeds up pulse, breathing and muscle tension
- Yellow – has a stimulating effect, causes joy and happiness, has high visibility and is used in traffic
- Orange – acts solemn, cheerful, evokes a feeling of health, joy of life
- Green – rests, acts gently, creates inner peace, rests sight
- Blue – has a calming effect, as opposed to red, passive, cold, stimulates concentration
- Purple – acts mystical, mysterious, enchanting and suppresses passions